Every Thursday, we will use an event that occurred on this date to discuss an important moment in international history. This week: European Convention on Human Rights goes into effect (1953)
The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) is an international treaty to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms in Europe. The Convention was drafted by the Council of Europe after the Second World War in response to a call issued by Europeans from all walks of life who had gathered at the Hague Congress. Over 100 parliamentarians from the twelve member states of the Council of Europe gathered in Strasbourg in the summer of 1949 for the first ever meeting of the Council's Consultative Assembly to draft a "charter of human rights" and to establish a court to enforce. The convention entered into force on 3 September 1953.