By: Nwankwo Guzorochi
Clothed with "perspective interest", states relations in the international community have been over time, characterized by indefinite expression or show of self interest and personal (individual state) aggrandizement. The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) permanent seat has consolidated this fact (self interest), as they exclusively exercise the veto power on substantive resolutions. The veto system is an unimaginable authority of power, exercised by just a handful of member states in the United Nations as just only 2.6% of the United Nation's (UN) population exercises real veto power. The use of state against states (power of veto), is an unnecessary and unproportional charismatic expression of supremacy and dominance, as qualifications for sovereignty for all states is universal.
AN OBJECTIVE REFORM OF THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL (UNSC).
Not willing to underestimate the strength and importance of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), and while I sincerely adopt its existence as an imperative organ of the United Nations (UN), I will not hesitate to proffer an objective restructuring and reformation for effective representation in a complex 21st century, to accommodate and give all a sense of belonging and protection.
On that note, 3 reforms have been projected, namely: Capacity reform, Veto reform and Structural reform.
1. CAPACITY REFORM: With respect to the sacred nature and integrity of the organ, I wish to recommend 4 nations to its existing capacity with this formula: The nation distribution formula. The criteria for being a member will be predicated on the number of members from any continent. For instance, the bigger the number of members from a continent, the greater the number in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). This will ensure effective representation. Thus, continents with members below 10, gets 1 representative; below 20 gets 2; below 40 gets 3; below 50 gets 4; and 50 and above gets 5 representatives, which gives a total of 20 representatives.
2. VETO REFORM: The veto system as it concerns the UNSC has been a controversial issue for donkey years. It is said that leaders of the permanent 5 utilize the veto power for selfish reasons. However, in my own view, I would strongly retain this veto power but, will distribute it evenly among the 20 member nations to exercise same.
3. STRUCTURAL REFORM: Even in the world of invention, where the "patent right" holds sway, we still observe that this right given to inventors, has a definite expiry date. The first will not always be. And in the light of the above, I will most accept a UNSC where all members are equal. For what is the use of 11 non-permanent members who have an unimaginable lesser power compared to that of just 1 of the big 5’s. For quite a good time, the P5 have enjoyed this patent right as a compensation for their expression of an ideology (UN) as there were 51 original members of the charter at inception with more than 2 African countries.
The United Nations Security Council is a very important organ of the United Nations. Thus, the issue of equal and effective representation of member states, to avoid ill feelings, oppression and dominance among members should be treated as imperative, hence this article.
This commentary by Nwankwo Guzorochi from Calabar, Nigeria, was a finalist of the 2016 Nextgen Essay Contest.