Malawi has long suffered from extreme poverty, but the government now fully backs a proposed solution to the problem: developing huge potential oil and natural gas reserves found under the country’s eponymous lake. Profits from the oil, currently of unknown value, can theoretically be used to start a fund to invest in the country and bring it to prosperity.Read More
While global leaders may not be convinced by traditional messages and images used to spur action—the melting ice caps and polar bears, the loss of biodiversity, and abstract distant issues like smog in Delhi and Beijing—the issues that they and their citizens are concerned about have some of their roots in the changing climate.Read More
Continued social unrest in Tunisia indicates the need to comprehensively address a long history of inequality and uneven regional development. For that objective, the government may want to imitate the “victim region” framework as implemented in Tunisia’s transitional justice process to help address inequality compared to the government’s current reactionary approach.Read More
Also known as Section 1504 of the Dodd-Frank Act, the Cardin-Lugar Amendment mandated that any gas, mining, or oil company traded on the U.S. stock exchange publish their payments to foreign governments. This rule was first put forward by the Security and Exchange Commission in 2012 and later revised in 2016 to help fight corruption in the natural resources industry. Since then, it has become the standard by which the majority of oil and mineral companies operate; all companies in Canada and the European Union adhere to regulations similar to those outlined in Cardin-Lugar Amendment. The nullification of Section 1504 is a mark of the prominent role that special interests, especially in the natural resource industry, play in U.S. foreign policy.Read More
As technology develops at an increasingly rapid pace, the world is becoming more and more interconnected. Digital media has evolved quickly, becoming more simple to use and more accessible to audiences. Various human rights movements have utilized social media platforms to raise awareness for their causes, linking dedicated activists to individuals eager to learn more. With the launch of Invisible Children’s film KONY 2012, for instance, the rights group brought global attention to Joseph Kony and his militia, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). Over the past 28 years, Kony’s militia has abducted more than 66,000 children and is responsible for over 100,000 deaths. Time magazine called KONY 2012 the most viral video of all time, receiving over 100 million views. Over the span of six days, 3.7 million people pledged their support for efforts to arrest the notorious African warlord. As Invisible Children stated, “It proved our theory that if people only knew what Kony had been getting away with, they would be as outraged as we were.”Read More
Though not all past development efforts have failed, we have seen development policies that fail to help nations develop, hurt traditional gender roles, undermine local knowledge, and even lead to further environmental degradationRead More
Brazen wars, especially in Africa, have one common link – a burning lust to monopolize dwindling fresh water reserves in Nile basin, lucrative coltan metal deposits in Congo, and natural gas wells dotting Mozambique´s coast.Read More
The conflagration in Burundi today is not a renewal of ethnic conflict, and it will not escalate into genocide like it did in 1993. Tragically, it has much deeper roots in the land itself.Read More
If we do not acknowledge the consistency of state capacity shortcomings across the issues facing sub-Saharan Africa, we cannot begin to seriously combat them.Read More
On August 4, 1962, Nelson Mandela was arrested by South African police. His release and subsequent work brought peace, equality and democracy to South Africa and won him the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1994, black South Africans made even further strides and won the right to vote.
On July 4, 1976, an Israeli raid at Entebbe airport in Uganda and rescued over 100 hostages from the hijacked Air France flight from Tel Aviv to Paris. The flight had been hijacked by pro-Palestinian guerrillas and a total of 30 people were killed in the incident. The rescue mission later became known as Operation Entebbe.
A quick look at the facts and figures surrounding the brutal practice.Read More
There is no other resource mankind depends more on than water; and while it certainly seems ubiquitous to the most fortunate of us, its scarcity is not only a reality but also a major cause for concern.Read More
Newly elected U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry stated in his confirmation hearing that one of his goals is to compete economically with China in Africa. Elizabeth Economy, Director for Asia Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations believes this objective will be difficult given the enormous amount of trade and investment resources that China currently dedicates to Africa.Read More